Karnak temples Wikipedia is one of the most important and prominent evidence of the greatness of the ancient Egyptian civilization, which is the best evidence of the extent of religious, urban and engineering development, and the extent of accuracy in highlighting the technical details, and high craftsmanship, in the implementation of the stages of building Karnak Temple, which is unique to each of the kings who They succeeded in taking over the throne of Egypt, to distinguish it from its predecessor, until the Karnak temples turned into a true masterpiece, as the largest walled house of worship on the surface of the earth. It attracts tourists to learn about its assets. Which tells a lot about the civilization of the pharaohs.
Karnak temples wikipedia
Karnak Temples Wikipedia is a group of temples, buildings, edifices and columns, located in the Arab Republic of Egypt, specifically north of Luxor on the eastern bank of the Nile. It is only three kilometers away from it, west of the city of Taiba. Its construction dates back to more than 2050 BC, to the time of the first Egyptian state. Karnak Temple is the largest, oldest and most ancient temple in the world.
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The origin of the name Karnak
The ten temples of Karnak and Wikipedia are called by this name, after the name of the city of Karnak, which was distorted from the Arabic word (Khornaq), which means the fortified village. While the temple was also known as (Bar Amun), meaning the Temple of Amun or the House of Amun, and in the era of the Middle Kingdom it was called (Ibt Sut), which means one of the most chosen places to visit (the chosen spot). This name was found on the walls of the third pylon of Senusret’s cabin the first. The temple also bore several other names, including: (Nesut-Tawa) which means the throne of the two states and (Ebit Iset) or (Abit Rast) in the ancient Egyptian language, which means the most prestigious and reverent place. Also, all the names of the temple are related to its location, as it is from the prevailing ancient beliefs that the city of Thebes was the first city founded on the hill from the land, after the water receded from it since the beginning of the formation of the land. Where the god Atum (Ptah) stood on the hill, and proceeded to make creation. Karnak was also an ancient observatory, in addition to being a place of worship where the god Amun communicated directly with humans.
Information about the Karnak temples
In fact, during the process of searching for the Karnak temples on Wikipedia, we provide the following information on the features of the Karnak Temple, and its contents as follows:
- The expansion and construction of Karnak temples dates back to the Pharaonic era of the kings of the middle Egyptian state, until the Roman era on the eastern coast of Egypt.
- Karnak temples were built specifically for the most famous god Amun-Re, his wife, the goddess Amut, and their son, the god Khonsu; As each has its own temple in Karnak.
- In the pharaonic buildings, it was customary to fill temples and large edifices with remains of gravel and stones, as Horemheb did after defeating Akhenaten, and demolishing the temple of Aten built by the latter, after he filled the three edifices that Horemheb ordered to build, with the remains of the stones of the Aten temple. The same was done by Amenhotep III, who filled his third edifice with stones from the palace of King Senusret I, of the Middle Kingdom.
- Queen Hatshepsut built courtyards for celebrations. King Tuthmosis III also worked to demolish it and build another in its place.
- The construction of the main wing, the third pylon, and the colonnaded gallery belong to Pharaoh Amenophis III. While the side wings were built by the pharaoh Horemheb.
- Karnak temples were built by about three pharaohs, in a land of about thirty hectares.
Karnak Temple Sections
In talking about the Karnak temples and Wikipedia, we must learn about the sections of this world-famous edifice, which was registered on the UNESCO list in 1979 AD, as one of the most important heritage sites in the world. And about the secrets of Karnak Temple and its most prominent sections, which we detail below:
The road of rams
It is one of the main sections to reach the Karnak temples, and it includes the first temple court (Al-Durum): It is a mural, which is one of the wonderful ways that are adopted to discover Karnak Temple. It was completed and presented between the years 1846 AD-1849 AD. In addition to the light and sound effects shows that are held every evening. Because the distance between Luxor and Karnak Temple does not exceed 3 kilometers, it is known as the road of rams or the road of the Sphinx (which is the path of the god), which is symbolized by a ram’s head, which is one of the symbols of the god Amun. On either side of it are carvings of several relatively small sphinxes. The Road of Rams extends for 2 km, where a huge statue representing the head of Pharaoh Amenophis III appears. While his body is the body of a lion. The road passes through the city of Thebes, where huge celebrations were held, for example: the Opet celebration.
In the Karnak temples and Wikipedia, the sacred lake is considered one of the wonders of the world. It is 80 meters long and about 40 meters wide. And still the mystery of this lake, one of the wonders of Karnak Temple. The lake is also located outside the main hall of Karnak Temple, and surrounds it on its three eastern, southern, and western sides, where there is a large statue (of a scarab) from the reign of King Amenhotep III. Also, the sacred lake is equal in size to the pyramids of Giza, and it deserves to be called one of the wonders of the world. Some believe that it was a crossing point for sacred vessels carrying offerings. Others favored the narration of the legend (Oz Midim and the sacrifice) documented in ancient Egyptian murals, as the ladder that leads to the lake is called the Goose Ladder. While the fourth edifice connects to the seventh through a courtyard that leads to a cache, built by King Thutmose III. The history of the lake dates back to the reign of the sixth pharaohs of the Eighteenth Dynasty, who ruled Egypt in the year 1481-1425 BC. AD, King Thutmose III. It is believed that they were used for washing, purification, and cleaning before the start, or after the completion of religious ceremonies. The King and the High Priest used to bathe in its waters before entering the Chamber of the Holy of Holies. What is surprising about the lake is that its water has not dried up all year round for more than 3000 years. While its water level remains constant and does not change, there are no algae or herbs in it, and it does not emit unpleasant odors. It is also known in puddles and stagnant water. Perhaps a local belief, prevalent among the women of the region, is that the holy lake is blessed and its water has curative properties for sterility and incurable diseases.
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The ten buildings of Karnak
Despite the large number of edifices, they together form one integrated unit in the Karnak temples – Wikipedia. Despite the different time periods in its construction. These ten edifices also consist of:
- The first edifice: It is one of the eight entrances to the temple. It is located on the western side, and it is the main entrance to the temple. The last built entrances. It was built by one of the kings of the Thirtieth Dynasty, the last dynasty in ancient Egyptian history, King Nectanebo.
- The second edifice: It was built by King Horemheb and King Ramses II, and was provided with additions during the reign of Euergetes II (Ptolemy VI). It is 97 meters long, 29 meters high, and 14 meters wide. Also near him was found a huge statue of King Bey Najm Ibn Banakhi, one of the kings of the twenty-first dynasty. The statue represents King Ramses II standing, with his hands holding the royal sceptre, and on his head the double crown, and his daughter (Bint Anat) stands next to his legs, which is carved from granite stone. pink; Also found in the site on the plaque of King Kamose V. And on the (eaves), which is a ceiling that leads to the entrance, and it dates back to the era of King Taharqa, and King Psamtik II attributed it to himself after he renewed it.
- The third edifice: It was built by King Amenhotep III, and it is demolished today.
- The fourth edifice: It was built by King Thutmose the First.
- The Fifth Pylon: It was also built by King Thutmose the First
- The sixth edifice: King Tuthmosis III on the western side. It is the smallest of these edifices. It includes a group of granite columns carved with a lotus flower, which was growing in Lower Egypt. On the opposite side is the papyrus plant, which was growing in Upper Egypt. Each column contains carvings and inscriptions in the hieroglyphic language.
- The seventh edifice: It was built by King Thutmose III on the southern side.
- Eighth Pylon: It was built by Queen Hatshepsut.
- The ninth edifice: It was built by King Hor Moheb.
- The tenth edifice: It was also built by King Horemheb.
Karnak temple plan
Some people often wonder what is in the Karnak Temple? In researching the Karnak temples and Wikipedia, we find that the Karnak Temple organizational chart divides it into a group of areas, each of which is dedicated to the worship of a special deity. However, the most important and largest is the area dedicated to the pharaonic god Amun-Ra. These areas are:
- The area of the god Amun-Ra, which differs from other Egyptian temples in the effort, and the time it took to build it, with the expansions that were inflicted on the temple. The temple consists of two parts, old and newer, and it has a vertical axis on the Nile River. Another axis is parallel to it, and a canal passes through it in front of a port, connecting it from two slopes, coming from the Nile River. Each side has its own water tank, extending from the harbor to the first courtyard on the way to the rams.
- God Mut region.
- And the area of the god Mento.
- The temple of the god Ptah, where the sacred lake is located, and a number of small temples and niches. Many of the rooms and chambers contained within the walls, walled in the temple precinct.
- Temple of God Khonsu.
- and the temple of the god Opet.
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Description of Karnak Temple
After passing through the road of rams in the Karnak temples and Wikipedia, which leads to a wide courtyard, where one of the Taharqa columns and the statue of Benzom I stand on the left, and on the right is the Temple of Ramses III. In front of it is a hall, with about one hundred and twenty-two giant columns, and on its side are the main obelisk of Karnak Temple, the Temple of Hatshepsut, and the obelisks of Tuthmosis I and Queen Hatshepsut. Followed by a group of rooms, small halls, and the temple of the pharaoh and the priests only. Light can enter it. It also includes four openings, in which are masts made of cedar wood, overlaid with copper. Flags during ceremonies were fixed on them, and at the top there are four windows. Behind the first edifice is the wide arched courtyard of the palace. On its side is the Temple of Sesotris I, which contains three independent rooms, known as (Sankta Sankturm), where the famous gold statue of the god Amun is located. The three ships that were used in the ceremonies that take place in the eastern temples of Kocho, the western Mut temple, and the Amun-Ra temple are also placed in it. Behind the third edifice, we find a great courtyard containing four obelisks of pink granite, one of which is completely intact. As well as two statues of Tutankhamun, and Amont of red sandstone. Passing through the botanical garden room. Which consists of four huge columns, in the form of a papyrus flower, with inscriptions inspired by heaven. It was a park that included plants and birds that used to shelter on the banks of the Nile.
From all of the above, we have presented information about the Karnak temples and Wikipedia. We can be certain that the most prominent equation, and the most effective lesson that we learn from the ancient Egyptians. The meaning is that when the trinity of knowledge, faith and action meet, in a civilization. Wherever you are and anywhere on earth, you must return to a great civilization. It affected and affected the history of mankind, in stone and humans alike.