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A complete Harb tribe tree in detail with a detailed explanation of all the branches of this large tribe, which is considered one of the largest tribes and whose sons are spread in many regions of the Arabian Peninsula. Harb, its arts, and the poets affiliated with it, and we will also clarify the most important historical information that describes its condition in different eras.

war tribe

The Harb tribe is one of the largest Arab tribes that inhabited the Arabian Peninsula, where some statistics indicate that the number of the tribe’s members is estimated at about 45 million individuals, and most of its branches are stationed in the regions of Najd and Hijaz. Hijaz in 131 AH as a result of some disputes between them and one of their cousins, Al-Rabiah bin Saad. The main source of income for this tribe was the sale of livestock and sheep to pilgrims due to their distinguished location near Medina and Mecca. The Harb tribe was known for its protection of the pulpit in the era of the Ottoman Empire. It took some taxes from pilgrims and from Turkey itself, and thus the Harb tribe was the only tribe that did not pay taxes to the Ottoman state, but rather took taxes from it. This tribe was also called several famous titles, and here are some of these titles.[1]

  • Haraba war of states: for being the only tribe that used to attack countries in their positions in the past.
  • The price of the tassel of Al-Abyar is boiling: but because of the large number of its members and affiliates.

See also: How many war tribes are there in Saudi Arabia 1443

war tribe tree

The tree of the Harb tribe is divided into several branches, and it is the official tree that includes all the families actually affiliated with this large and ancient tribe, and therefore this tree is the reference to ascertain the lineage of any family claiming to be affiliated with the two surnames of Harb, which is the largest of the tribes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Two sections: Masrouh and Bani Salem, and from each section several families branch. The branching of families from these two sections can be explained as follows: [2]

  • Masrouh Department: Banu As-Saffar in Najd, Banu As-Saffar in the Hijaz, Awf (Al-Sawa’id, Al-Nawasif), Banu Ali (Walid Murir, Al-Jabour), Zabid, Mikhlif, and Banu Amr (Al-Khiariyia, Ould Abdullah, Manash, Al-Atour).
  • Department of Bani Salem: two families branch from it, namely: Marawah and Maimoun (Al-Ahmadah, Ould Muhammad).

Branches of the Harb Al-Masrouh tribe

The Masrouh branch is the largest branch of the Harb tribe tree, as many families and branches that belong to it fall under it, and these families are spread in many different regions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and other countries of the Arabian Peninsula, and the families and branches that fall under the Masrouh branch can be clarified. As follows:

  • The Banu al-Saffar in Najd: They live in the Najd region, and several families fall under them, namely: (Al-Hasanan, Al-Farda, Al-Fahda, Al-Wahub) and their lineage extends to Al-Saffar bin Khayar bin Ziyad bin Salman bin Fahesh bin Harb bin Saad bin Saad bin Khawlan.
  • The Banu al-Saffar in the Hijaz: They belong to the same proportion as the Banu al-Saffar in Najd, but they live in the Hijaz, and the following families fall under them: (Al-Rawajha, Al-Sharra, Al-Khawawir, Al-Khataba, Al-Shawadhi, Al-Sulaimi, Al-Shubaili, Al-Tahweh and Al-Toman, Al-Najma, Al-Kanadra, Al-Mahalia).
  • Auf: They belong to Awf bin Masoud bin Auf, attributed to Amer bin Harb bin Saad, and this branch owns several mountains and valleys, such as Jabal Quds and Jabal Warqan, and their living places extend to the north-east of Saudi Arabia, and three branches fall under the Auf section, and each branch of them includes Several families, and their branches can be clarified as follows: Al-Sawa’id includes families: (Al-Barakat, Al-Tarji, Al-Dhikra, Al-Husainat, Al-Matrafi, Al-Alawi, Al-Magdawi), Al-Nawasif includes families: (Al-Alawi, Al-Luqmani, Al-Luhaibi, Al-Suhaila), Al-Musbehi includes families: (Al-Suhaimi). Al-Huwaiti, Al-Hamrani, Al-Rotimi, Al-Ghusaibi, Al-Madawi, Al-Muhaimidi).
  • Bani Ali: They belong to Basem Al-Alawi and their original home is located in Medina, but they live on the eastern borders of the Najd region, and they have participated in heroic positions in the Sabla War to help the Al Saud family. Families are: (Al-Jahosh, Al-Dahoum, Al-Abdah, Al-Tamafa). As for the Jabour branch, several other families are included under it, and they are: (Al-Fouqa’, Al-Shool, Al-Dawa’ara, Al-Karashef, Al-Katima, Al-Hamaqa, Al-Kalha).
  • Zabid: Part of the Zabid branch lives in Upper Murr, while others live in the south of Mecca in Wadi Qarama and Nawan, but their original homes are located between Jeddah and Yanbu on the Hejaz coast. Zubaid Al-Sheikh, Aslam, Zabbalah, Al-Jahadal, Al-Marashah, Bani Yazid, Al-Azra, and other residents of the two valleys).
  • Mikhlif: The following families fall under it: Khazaza, Tamir, Thawabit, Shalaween, Shebaa, Aramin, Sarra, Wasaifa, Maadi.
  • Bani Amr: They belong to Amr bin Ziyad bin Al-Fahesh bin Harb bin Saad bin Saad bin Khawlan, and several branches fall under them, under which several families fall, as follows: Al-Duwayya, Salah, Al-Ayadin, Ould Muhammad, Teaching Assistant, Al-Khiarya, Al-Khiarya, Al-Outour, Manash, Ould Abdullah, then several families fall under the Khiarya branch: (Al-Harabiya, Al-Ruthan, Al-Sarraneh, Al-Sha’ab, Al-Awabdah, Al-Mahamid), and it falls under the Perfume branch. Several families: (Al-Ashda, Al-Husaynat, Al-Hanahana, Al-Hawadeh, Dhul Shuail, Al-Rayqa, Al-Razon, Al-Samman, Al-Shaafain, Al-Tarsan, Al-Fawawis, Al-Masha’leh, Al-Ma’a’za). Finally, the following families fall under the category of Manash: (Al-Balahsha, Al-Hassar, Al-Khulaifi, Al-Khubari, Al-Fayzi, Al-Mariiti, Al-Mashali, Al-Mishairi).

See also: The symbols of the tribes in Saudi Arabia, complete with numbers, their meanings

Branches of the war tribe Banu Salem

It is the second section of the Harb tribe, from which many large families and many small clans branched out. The Banu Salem tribe achieved wide fame in the Arabian Peninsula and became one of the well-known families. The Banu Salem branches are divided into several families, and then some families fall into smaller families or clans. These branches can be explained in detail as follows:

  • Marawah branch: includes several families, namely: Al-Balayja, Al-Hajla, Al-Hanaina, Hunaitat, Al-Hawazem, Al-Radada, Al-Tawahra, Mazina, then Mazina branched into several other families: Al-Saqra, Al-Araimat, Al-Awnah, Al-Qusayreen, Al-Maraween, Al-Nahita, Al-Habariya, Al-Hawala, and others).
  • Maimon branch: It includes the following families: Al-Haydarah, Al-Ruthan, Al-Sarha, Sobh, Walad Alaa, and it includes (Al-Hamla’, Al-Ghurab, Al-Wasdah, Al-Rahla).
  • Al-Talha branch – including Banu Amr and Al-Mahamid -: It includes the following families: Al-Maari’ah, Al-Quwad, Banu Yahya.
  • Al-Ahmadah branch: It deafens the families of the Sakhrana, including the beekeepers, the Sumaidat, and the Fadla.
  • Weld Muhammad: It includes the families of Al-Tamm, Al-Sawa’id, and under them fall: (Al-Raghiybat, Ould Salim, Al-Ajbat and Al-Wufyan) Al-Sa’adin.

See also: The largest tribe in Saudi Arabia

home of war tribe

The members of the Harb tribe are spread inside and outside the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Inside the Kingdom, most members of the tribe live between the Murr Valley of Dhahran – located about 20 km south of Jeddah – and between Al-Qunfudah. ​​They also live on the northern side in an area behind Mount Uhud in Medina and in the western region near the Red Sea from Jeddah to Yanbu Al Bahr, as they spread in the eastern side on both sides of the city to Al-Qassim Road beyond Wadi Al-Rama.

The Harb tribe spreads outside the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, where many of them reside in the Levant, Iraq and the Arab Maghreb. They also spread widely in the country of Jordan, especially the Karak governorate, in which they formed an emirate for themselves, and even ruled it during the period before the alliance of the tribes of Jordan, and they also reside in the Ajloun governorate. Specifically in the Jabal Bani Awf region.[3]

Real clan war lineage

The Harb tribe belongs to the Khawlania Qahtaniyah tribe, according to what Abu Muhammad al-Hamdani, the scholar of the Yemenite genealogies, mentioned, where its lineage extends to Harb bin Saad bin Saad bin Khawlan bin Amr bin Al-Haf bin Quda`ah bin Malik bin Amr bin Zaid bin Malik bin Hamir bin Saba bin Yisheb bin Yarub bin Qahtan bin Aber bin Shalekh bin Arfakhshad bin Sam bin Noah, peace be upon him. The origins of this tribe lived in the Saada region in Yemen and then migrated to the country of Hijaz at the beginning of the second century AH, specifically in 131 AH.

This lineage that we mentioned is considered the most correct lineage to trace the tree of the entire Harb tribe, as it is attributed to those who know the genealogy of Yemen. There are many narrations about the lineage of this tribe, but they are just speculation and improvisations that are not supported by any strong evidence, as Ibn Hazm, Hazem Al-Siyabi and others spoke about the branching of this tribe and its branches. Many, which we will explain in detail later. [3]

See also: What is the symbol of the war tribe

war tribe history

The Harb tribe tree and its history received some codification by the late Meccans, although most historians are not interested in the history of the Arab tribes that existed more than a thousand years ago due to the fact that Mecca was the seat of the emirate in the Hijaz country, and based on this, the history of the Harb tribe can be divided into two parts; They are: official history, which is found intermittently in ancient history books, and the second part is: global history, which depends on the diligence of historians in determining the temporal and spatial factor of the tribe. It also depends on the number of reproductions of one of the men who lived through these facts.[4]

A war tribe in the era of the Prophet

The Harb tribe was mentioned in the honorable biography of the Prophet. It is one of the Arab tribes present in the Arabian Peninsula from the mission of the Noble Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, and due to its importance, fame and large number, the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, spoke of it with goodness, describing it as one of the best Arab tribes. Where the hadith of Abu Najih, may God be pleased with him, was reported that the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: “Shall I not inform you of the best tribes? We said: Yes, O Messenger of God. He said: Al-Sukoun and Sukoun are Kinda, except for the kings of Radman, and a group of the Ash’aris and a group of Khawlan.” And in the hadith of Umar ibn Abbas, he said: “The Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, prayed upon Sukoon and Saskak, and on Khawlan Al-Alia, and on the Omluks, the Omluks of Radman.” [5]

See also: What did the Prophet say about the Harb tribe?

War tribe in the era of the Ottomans

The Harb tribe is the only tribe that did not pay any taxes to the Turks, but rather took the wages from them due to the fact that it carried out their tasks in the Arabian Peninsula. A war, specifically Al-Ahmadah, that they made a major revolution against the Ottoman Empire that lasted for ten years, due to the fact that the ruler of the Turks killed a member of the tribe, and the forces of Muhammad Ali, the Governor of Egypt, intervened to assist the Ottoman Empire in eliminating this revolution after they asked him to do so, but the forces failed The Turkish and Egyptians put down the tribe’s revolt, but the tribe was able to kill Othman Bey, one of the most important leaders of Muhammad Ali, and when the Ottomans despaired of putting down the revolution, they sent Sharif Muhammad Aoun to mediate with the tribe for reconciliation. About 2,000 Turkish soldiers were killed.

The most famous folk art of the Harb tribe

The sons of the Harb tribe are famous for being interested in folk arts and are proud of the artistic traditions that they inherited from their ancestors, which are still alive until now and are displayed in many Saudi concerts. The countries in which the people of the tribe live, and the most famous folk arts of the tribe can be clarified on the following Noah:

  • chameleons.
  • The poor.
  • Minister.
  • The war bar.
  • Bedwani.
  • Zaid.

See also: The most famous tribes in Saudi Arabia and their place of residence

War tribe flags

The Harb tribe produced many poets who composed poetic poems in sound classical Arabic, where the inhabitants of the ancient Bedouin tribes are famous for their eloquence of tongue, soundness of language and the ability to formulate it in the best possible way. Possible way, and below we mention some of these poets:

  • Khaled Saleh Al-Harbi.
  • Ziyad bin Nahit.
  • Ahmed bin Ibrahim Al-Harbi.
  • Hijab bin Nahit.
  • Al-Hamidi Al-Harbi.
  • Hajrf Al-Dhuibi.
  • Rashid Al-Suhaimi.
  • Behind El Harby.
  • Suleiman Al-Qusiri.
  • Abdullah bin Zwibin.
  • Military summer.
  • Abdul Mohsen Helit Muslim.
  • Mastoura Ahmadi.
  • Mohammed Al-Hadari.

Here ends the full Harb Tribe Tree article in detail after it dealt with the most important information about this large tribe. The article explained a detailed description of the tribe’s tree and its most important branches and family. It also talked about the historical conditions of the tribe through the ages. The article did not neglect the artistic and cultural life of the tribe’s sons. The arts have the most important poets of this tribe.


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